Impact Litigation

NILA’s impact litigation in the federal courts seeks procedural or substantive change either to extend the rights of noncitizens or to eliminate systemic obstacles they or their immigration counsel routinely face. It includes affirmative suits in district court as well as select circuit level litigation that has the potential to establish the law for a region of the country; and amicus briefing to assist federal court judges in their consideration of key legal issues.

NILA’s Affirmative Litigation Docket

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Immigrant Advocates Response Collaborative v. DHS (N.D.N.Y) – Lawsuit under the Freedom of Information Act seeking records related to the Criminal History Program (CHIP), Criminal History Information Sharing (CHIS), and the Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program (BITMAP). 
Co-Counsel: Immigrant Advocates Response Collaborative
Status: The complaint was filed on November 15, 2021.
+ Complaint

Photo Credit: Allison Wilkinson

Gomez v. Jaddou (S.D.N.Y.) – Putative national class action challenging USCIS’ policy of making Temporary Protected Status holders ineligible to obtain green cards after their return from authorized travel abroad. 
Co-Counsel: Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, Law Office of Stacy Tolchin
Status: The complaint was filed on November 8, 2021.

Photo Credit: Stephanie Jayne

National Immigration Litigation Alliance v. CBP (D. Mass.) – Lawsuit under the Freedom of Information Act seeking records relating to CBP’s  treatment and expulsions/deportations of pregnant women, mothers who recently gave birth in United States, and their children, including newborn U.S. citizen children.
Co-Counsel: Proskauer Rose LLP, Al Otro Lado, Haitian Bridge Alliance
Status: The complaint was filed on July 1, 2021.
+ Complaint

Photo Credit: Erica Miranda

Nightingale v. USCIS (N.D. Cal.) – Certified national class action seeking to force USCIS and ICE to timely comply with requests for immigration case files (A Files) under the Freedom of Information Act.
Co-Counsel: Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, American Immigration Council, Law Office of Stacy Tolchin
Status: On December 17, 2020, the court found that USCIS, ICE, and DHS have a pattern or practice of violating FOIA’s statutory deadlines, granted summary judgment in favor of Plaintiffs, and permanently enjoined the agencies from further failing to adhere to the deadlines, to eliminate their backlogs within 60 days, and to provide quarterly compliance reports. Although Defendants have appealed the decision, they are providing compliance reports.

Photo Credit: Laura Belous

C.M. v. United States (D. Ariz.) – Action under the Federal Tort Claims Act seeking damages on behalf of five families subjected to the Trump Administration’s family separation policy
Co-Counsel: Arnold & Porter LLP, National Immigration Justice Center, American Immigration Council, Kairys, Rudovsky, Messing, Feinberg & Lin
Status: The court denied the United States’ motion to dismiss in March 2020. 

Photo Credit: Matt Adams

Padilla v. ICE (W.D. Wash., 9th Cir., S. Ct.) – Certified national class action preserving the right to a bond hearing for asylum seekers who entered without inspection and passed a credible fear, seeking further procedural protections in those proceedings, and challenging delays in providing credible fear interviews.
Co-Counsel: Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, American Immigration Council, American Civil Liberties Union
Status: On January 11, 2021, the Supreme Court granted the government’s petition for a writ of certiorari seeking review of the Ninth Circuit’s decision affirming the district court’s preliminary injunction order (providing for bond hearings), vacated the Ninth Circuit’s decision, and remanded the case to allow the Ninth Circuit to consider intervening case law. Importantly, the injunction (allowing for bond hearings) remains in place pending further proceedings. Motions on the credible fear hearing class are being held in abeyance.

Photo Credit: Tom Doody

Make the Road New York v. McAleenan (D.D.C., DC Cir.) – Challenging the expansion of expedited removal.
Co-Counsel: American Civil Liberties Union, American Immigration Council, Simpson Thatcher & Bartlett LLC
Status: On June 23, 2020, the DC Circuit reversed the district court’s decision enjoining the expansion. The parties have fully briefed and the court conducted a hearing on November 13, 2020 on a second preliminary injunction seeking to enjoin the expansion based on additional claims not previously reached by the district court.  
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Photo Credit: Erica Miranda

Vangala v. USCIS (N.D. Cal.) – Putative national class action challenging USCIS’ policy of rejecting benefits applications filed by survivors of domestic violence and asylum seekers simply for having left any blank space on the application.
Co-Counsel: Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, Van Der Hout LLP
Status: The complaint and class certification motion were filed in November 2020. Soon thereafter, USCIS agreed to halt implementation of the policy while the parties engaged in settlement discussions. The district court approved the  final settlement agreement on July 20, 2021. As a result of the lawsuit, USCIS will accept and adjudicate as timely filed over 60,000 applications denied under the policy. 
+ Complaint
+ Motion for Class Certification
+ FAQ and Updated USCIS Guidance
+ Final Settlement Agreement
+ Order Approving Final Settlement Agreement
+ Post-Settlement FAQ

Photo Credit: Zoe S. Feinberg

Campbell Davis v. USCIS (E.D. Pa.) – Putative regional class action seeking immediate naturalizations for individuals who had their oath ceremonies cancelled or not scheduled due to the outbreak of COVID-19.
Co-Counsel: Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, Law Office of Stacy Tolchin, and Kairys, Rudovsky, Messing, Feinberg & Lin LLP
Status: Dismissed in July 2020 after USCIS naturalized Plaintiffs and 2,202 members of the proposed class.

Photo Credit: Norah Higgins

Doe v. Nielsen (D. Ariz.) – Successful challenge to unconstitutional conditions in CBP’s short-term detention facilities (known as “hieleras”).
Co-Counsel: Morrison & Foerster LLP, ACLU American Civil Liberties Union of Arizona, National Immigration Law Center, Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights of the San Francisco Bay Area, American Immigration Council
Status: The District Court’s permanent injunction became final after all parties voluntarily dismissed their cross appeals. Plaintiffs continue to monitor implementation of the injunction.

Photo Credit: Lindsay Nash

Moreno v. Nielsen (E.D.N.Y.) – Putative class action challenging USCIS’ policy of denying adjustment applications filed by TPS holders who initially entered without inspection.
Co-Counsel: Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, American Immigration Council
Status: Dismissed after the Supreme Court’s decision in Sanchez v. Mayorkas resolved the issue.

Amicus Briefs

NILA authors amicus briefs on issues within the expertise of their staff. Likewise, NILA signs onto select amicus briefs written by outside authors on issues important to the immigrants’ rights movement. To request amicus support from NILA or to ask NILA to sign onto an amicus brief, please email Trina Realmuto (, Mary Kenney (, and/or Kristin Macleod-Ball (

National Immigration Litigation Alliance, Inc.
Tel: (617) 819-4649